sailing lesson

There are a few things to notice in this picture. See how the mainsail (on the right) does not go up to the top of the mast—this is because it is reefed due to high winds. If it were fully extended this sail would be 150 sq. meters. Notice also the four thin dark white bands running across the mainsail, these are battens that help keep the mainsail stiff.

The sail at the front is a jib, which is 70 sq. meters. This does not go all the way to the top of the mast, not because it is reefed, but because it is a “fractional rig” rather than “masthead rig.” Unlike the main, reefing the jib does not affect its height because it is unfurled from the fore-stay which acts like a roller.

Part way up the mast on the front (left of picture) the radar can be seen. The steel cables going upwards from the bottom right of the pictures are shrouds, which are a part of the standing rigging that holds the mast upright, enormous strain is placed on this rigging while sailing hence their thickness and strength. The ropes hanging on the side of the mast are some of the halyards, which are used to hoist sails and are a part of the running rigging.

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